Glutamine is an amino acid that is attracting the attention of bodybuilders and weightlifters since a few years apart from all those who wish to gain good health. For the former, it is a bodybuilding supplement that works by retaining muscle mass and boosting new muscle growth. The amino acid also helps in strengthening the immune system suffering from stress as well as in recuperating trauma patients.
Glutamine Building in the Body
This non-essential amino acid is produced in the body naturally but its below sufficient production level makes one rely on its supplements. Although it is ingestible directly from external sources such as milk, the body chiefly depends on using glutamic acid with ammonia for turning it into glutamine in the liver. This process can go reverse, glutamine converted into ammonia and glutamate. Such a back and forth process happens consistently for regulating the acid-base levels.
If the diet is healthy, the body produces anywhere between 4 and 8 grams of glutamine a day, the most copious amino acid in muscle tissue and a contributor of good immune as well as gastrointestinal tract functioning.
Glutamine for Body and Weight Building
The role of glutamine in lifting weight and building body is similar to its role in healing the trauma from intense exercise. This is because it works by boosting the immune system that gets damaged in both the cases. A major reason for a negative impact on the immune is the bodys inability to generate sufficient glutamine to combat high stress level. Glutamine works by acting as energy supplier for immune cells by consuming it in 20 to 40 grams a day, recommended for trauma sufferers.
This automatically instills an interest in weight lifters who have been facing more and more infections. Glutamine provides energy even to muscle cells due to which weight lifters are getting attracted towards it unhesitatingly.
Intense exercise seems to deplete glutamine supply in muscle cells by almost 40%. Because of the need of energy sources, the body is forced to convert the remaining glutamine into glutamate that is broken down to ATP, an energy molecule. This can actually make one lose muscles due to a catabolic state produced, wherein muscle tissue is used up in energy production. As more than 50% of free amino acids are glutamine in muscle tissue, it is obvious to determine why such inadequacy is a hindrance to the goal of adding muscle.
However, if you consume glutamine supplement, it helps in slowing down this catabolic process by increasing the level of the amino acid. The supplement consumption is also beneficial for reversing the Over Training Syndrome (OTS) featuring a state of prolonged negative nitrogen balance as well as low glutamine level. Supplementation not only prevents OTS but also motivates you to put more bodybuilding efforts as well as helps in gaining muscles.
Further, the acid contributes to protein synthesis, which means aiding in building new muscles. It also contributes to refilling muscle glycogen stores for making bigger muscles. Glutamine has the ability to increase growth hormone (GH) level as well.